* Maximum wall heights in good soils (gravels, sandy gravels, crushed sandstone).
** Keystone™ can be built up to 12m high when designed by a suitably qualified engineer and combined with soil reinforcement. Please contact your National Masonry representative for more information.
Mark out the ground where your wall will be located (either by marking with stakes and a string line or by marking a line on the ground with spray paint). Excavate trench then compact roadbase into trench to form a levelling pad.
Place blocks side by side on the levelling pad using a string line along the back of the units for alignment. Level each unit side to side and front to back using your spirit level. Spend time making sure the first course of units is level, otherwise all ensuing courses and ultimately the entire wall will not be level.
Install an agricultural drain 150mm diameter behind your first course and surround with gravel (12-20mm sized gravel, e.g. blue metal). Shovel and compact your backfill (existing site soil) behind the drainage material. (Backfill consisting of heavy clays or organic soils is not recommended due to water holding properties).
Sweep the top of the previous course clean. Place the next course of units in a running bond pattern (i.e. with the vertical joints from the first course units halfway across the second course units). Pull each unit forward until it locks with the nib on the unit below. Place the drainage material behind the second course of units. Stack units, placing drainage material and compact backfill for each block height layer until your wall is complete.
Place capping units, if required, on the top course. It is recommended that caps be secured using a construction adhesive such as Landscape Stone Concrete Liquid Nails™ or a cement based tile adhesive. Some capping may require the removal of nibs from the top course of blocks.
Please consult with regulating council for local design requirements prior to the construction of any retaining wall. Councils in general require that retaining walls be designed and certified by a suitably qualified engineer where the wall is over 0.5m in height and/or where there is a surcharge loading, such as a driveway, house or other structure near the wall.
This is general information and should be viewed as a guide only National Masonry recommends you obtain professional building and engineering advice on your specific retaining wall project.